Xavier Aptitude Test (XAT) 2015
Sunday, January 04, 2015
DECISION MAKING AND ANALYTICAL REASONING
|ANSWER KEYS XAT 2015 - SET B
|DECISION MAKING AND ANALYTICAL REASONING
29. (E) As per the email received from HR, the only positive aspect is the quality of Mr.Dipangshu’s work. Now, (A) is a negative idea and must be discarded. (B) is not possible as HR would surely know about it. (C) seems totally irrelevant. (D) is also irrelevant. (E) is highly sensible.
30. (B) (A) is wrong as it is mentioned that he has tried it earlier and it did not work. (C) is an extreme step not to be taken as he is afraid of a no-job situation anyway. (D) and (E) indicate below-the-belt opportunism. (B) is best, as it gives him enough time to contemplate and chart the next course of action, and stay safe as well.
31. (D) The question asks the best sequence of action(s). Now V must be done. Hence (C) is eliminated. Now, III and IV cannot come together. Hence, (E) is eliminated. (D) is best as it is I-IV-V. Why not (A)? Because only having coffee together is of no use. Hence (D) is best. (B) is wrong because in II, John need not be told about Dipangshu’s track record.
32. (D) The objective of ISM is best served by making the students solve application-based questions. Hence, III has to be a part of the solution. Also, genuinely entrepreneur-minded students need not be forced by a process to choose to solve application-based questions. Rather, they should pick it by choice. Hence, II and not I. Hence, (D) is best. Also, IV is too skewed in one direction and a student getting just a few application-based questions correct may look entrepreneurial-minded (while he/she may not be) due to the score difference.
33. (E) Simple answer – because we have to focus on the exam process and not anything else (which is what statements III and VI are all about).
34. (C) Suggestion II is very costly and with a long gestation period, hence should not be taken first. Hence, (A) is ruled out. Suggestion V is best as it gives a good starting point so take it first. So, we eliminate options (B). Suggestion III adds nothing except a carbon footprint! To be avoided. Eliminate (D) and (E). Hence (C) is best.
35. (C) In (A), we see inertia and hence some loss of image, but not a huge immediate loss. In (B), amount of loss if not too great. In (D), practically nothing adverse will happen. In (E), it is good for everyone and no harm is done. Hence, (C) is the best answer for this question (adversely affect both).
36. (D) People will feel a sense of justice, and at the same time Mr.Prodigal will not be motivated to do something rash immediately (as he stands a chance of coming back if proven innocent). Hence, Mr.Loyal will also remain in control.
37. (B) Very obvious justifications are found in I and IV. We also see that II, III and V are not at all related to Mr.Opportunit’s candidature. Hence (B) is the best.
38. (C) Only this option ensures that the party does not go after him hammer and tongs. The reverse may happen (sympathy).
42. (A) Options (C), (D) and (E) will actually increase Mr.Arbit’s enthusiasm for the new investment. So they are all wrong. Out of (A) and (B), (A) is better.
43. (C) The most tangible situation, of the given options.
46. (E) IV and III can be done immediately so let’s do them right away. But I is the good long-term bet and needs to be done. If you do I first, it risks locking your capital up completely into that option alone.
47. (B) Option (A) sets a wrong precedent for the organization, as others can take a cue from it. Option (B) is most appropriate as everyone is happy and the organization. Now, she is pregnant and hence, one may feel that her travel is a bad idea. However, we are asked to find the best answer from the “organisation’s perspective”.
48. (C) Look carefully at II and III. Does Mr.Khan really need support to settle down in New York? Neither mentioned, nor logical! Similarly, will he ever entertain a request to give it all up in New York and restart a search (he just ended one) in India? Illogical. Hence, all options go for a toss, except (C) which is not illogical.
49. (C) Now, (C) looks similar to (A). But be cautious : the opinion V says that premium quality organic vegetables are not easily available in Panipat. That is an important consideration and it does not contradict opinion III (as those “high-end” restaurants might be importing them from Delhi). Hence, best is (C).
50. (D) Options (A), (C) and (E) are all eliminated for obvious reasons, and all mean the same and are not a desirable course of action. Between (B) and (D), option (B) is too crass for a man like Mohan who is quality-conscious, and it crosses-over into the grey zone between ethically correct and incorrect ways of growing a business. Option (D) is best although it may sound awkward – as it given Ram an ownership of what he is doing (a deviation from the norm) and keeps the route open for Mohan for the future. Also note that Ram did not necessarily grow the business on Mohan’s goodwill.
51. (B) Option (C) is ruled out as it is too extreme. Option (D) is unworkable. Option (E) is a possibility but may yield lower revenues. Option (A) is a very costly option and it will not positively affect the business immediately. So we go for (B).
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