IRMA 2000
(December 17, 2000)

Comprehensive Analysis
(All these questions have been memorised by PT students and given to us. This analysis will be upgraded continually as we keep getting pertinent information)

Overall the exam could be categorised only averagely difficult. As has been its wont, this year too IRMA emphasised the Social concern/GK section. The detailed breakup was as follows.

GK/Social Awareness :        60 questions
Maths/Quantitative Ability :  50 questions
Logical Reasoning :             50 questions
English Usage :                  40 questions
Total :                              200 questions

Questions in each section were selected from a variety of topics and presented everyone with something to crack. The total numbers of questions were 200 and there were no sectional time limits. There was negative marking and it was specified to be at the rate of 25%. Total time limit allotted was 2 hours. 

Detailed Analysis

GK/Social Awareness

Questions included were from a variety of areas such as Economics and Economic Facts & Figure, Indian Geography in lime light personalities etc.

The section was of moderate degree of difficulty and would have presented no problem at all to students who have been regular with newspapers and magazines. We have following questions from this section.

Q.     Which Indian received the Templeton Prize recently?
        (a) Kiran Bedi        (b) Menka Gandhi        (c) None of these

Q.     Which organisation is Amrita Patel associated with?

Q.     What is the total length (kms) covered by all-weather roads in India?

Q.     Who is associated with Shirdi Village?

Q.     What is Operation Flood?

Q.     Indian Population shall increase by  how much by 2050?

Q.     Which person is associated with the Ever Green Revolution?

Q.     Which movement is Arundhati Roy associated with?

Q.     Which two states are involved in the Cauvery River Water dispute?

Q.     Because of whose recommendations have the CMs of 8 Indian states asked the Central
        Government to set up a special fund to compensate them for their losses?

Q.     Of which product has India recently recovered the patent?

Q.     When was the last census of animals undertaken?

Q.     Which state has come out with its own Human Development Report?

Q.     Which State since its creation has implemented prohibition?

Q.     Deficiency of which vitamin causes night blindness?

Q.     Which of these is not a breed of cow?

Q.     Who received the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2000?

Q.     Which of the following is a water born disease?
         (a) T.B.        (b) Malaria        (c) Typhoid        (d) None of these

Q.     The Central Government has allowed VRS for which of the following group of workers?
         a) All Central Government employees             b) Bank employees

Q.     In which event did K. Malleswari win an Olympic medal in Sydney Olympics?

Q.     Which organisation did World Bank Chief James Wolfenshon visit on his recent trip to India?

Q.     Which state has an extremely efficient sugar co-operative system?

Q.     Which gas affect the Ozone layer the most?

Q.     Which state was most affected by cyclone in the Bay of Bengal?

Q.     Who is the Governor of newly constituted state Uttaranchal?

Q.     Names of important breed of cows, buffaloes, sheep & goats?

Q.     Who out of the following are the promoters of TRYSEM & Watershed schemes

Q.     Which state lead in these crop: Tendu leaves, Coffee etc.

Q.     In which states of India Panchayati Raj in not available?
        (a) Assam & Meghalaya              (b) Nagaland & Meghalaya

Q.     Who won the Booker prize for the year 1999 - 2000?

Q.     Who is the chairman of NABARD?

Q.     Questions on various Rozgar Yojnas & who started them?


Mathematics/Quantitative Ability

This section too was neither very simple nor very easy. Questions were from a variety of topics
such as :

Number Series : 05 questions

Functions like  A B, A @ B and related questions : 05 questions

One questions on probability : The question was about Red, Blue and Green balls and the probability of the Red &  Blue being picked up together randomly.

Other questions were from topics like : Inequalities, Geometry.

Q.     Two concentric circles with difference of radius 4 and circumference of one-66, are given. What
         is the radius of the other?

Q.     If each student contributes an amount which is double the number of students the teacher
        contributes __ amount. What is the number of students? Total amount is also given.

Besides these, this section also contained about 10 questions on Data Sufficiency which were again average in difficulty and about 15 questions on Data Interpretation based on two tables and a chart. The questions in the DI section were mostly direct and simple.


English Usage

All the exhortations to the PTites to read ET & TOI did come to a very effective use in this section as a paragraph in this section was "Will Breeders TRIPs Farmers Rights?" by Biswajit Dhar that had been already published in the ET on October 19, 2000 :

"One issue arises from the extending of intellectual property protection to agriculture. Under the commitment that the developing countries have taken under the TRIPs Agreement, protection of plant varieties would have to be provided by using patient or an effective general system for the protection of plant varieties or a combination of both.

Even as the Agreement on TRIPs was being negotiated there was another international interactive which grew out of the realisation that the introduction of plant breeders rights could introduce an asymmetry between the plant breeders and the farmers. It was felt that while the plant breeders could secure their rights in the new regime of intellectual property protection the traditional farmers who have conserved and improve the planting materials through the centuries and have made these available to the breeders, stand to receive no recognition. This gave rise to the concept of  "Farmers rights"; which has been seen as a mechanism that can counter balance the breeders rights."


The section had mix of questions  none too difficult. Various types of questions that appeared were :
Sequencing type of questions that appeared : 05 questions

Sentence correction types : 10 questions

One passage with fill in the blanks.

Two passages asking meanings of highlighted words and a passage in which  questions were based on conclusions that could be drawn on the basis of given information.

Overall not very difficult.


Logical Reasoning

Again the section was but moderately difficult and even moderate amounts of practice with such questions would have been sufficient for most of the students to crack the section. Most of the questions in this section the types were the types which PTites have been thoroughly familiarised in their Pinnacle Regular sessions in the class and hence we feel would not have posed any problem to them.

The questions related to Drawing conclusions (Degree of Truth/Falsity - Definitely Probably, Data Inadequate etc.), Implicit Assumptions, Code - based questions, Analytical reasoning questions and questions where logically inconsistent statement had to be made out.

All in all the question paper was only moderately difficult and could have been but a cake-walk for most of PT  regulars who had worked sincerely.

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